Identity and Access Management Compliance
IAM systems are excellent at providing an insight into who has access to what within your organization.
However, If no one is paying attention, all of that security could be going to waste.
For businesses to take full advantage of their Identity Management system, they should have a process to review all employee access and permissions at any given time.
The best way to maintain your system's security is to periodically audit the user access to all applications, networks, documents, and any other asset your organization may use.
Additionally, some industries have mandatory regulatory compliance rules, requiring administrators to certify users and applications, to prove compliance, on a scheduled basis.
Identity and Access Management (IAM) systems use this certification process to validate user access to organizational resources, or to revoke access as needed.
Regulations vary across industries, such as HIPAA in healthcare, FISMA in U.S. federal agencies, or PCI-DSS in retail and financial services.
Without an efficient IAM solution in place, with a centralized identity directory, certifying user access privileges can be a daunting process for administrators.
Regardless of potential regulatory issues, compliance controls through access certifications help organizations ensure internal security standards are met, by verifying employee access, to the resources needed for proactive internal security policies.
User Access Review
Certifying a user's access to all of their applications is not as common as certifying which users have access to a specific application(s), but there are still times when this is needed.
If a user changes their department, role, or even office location, the new location or management team may want to review all of his/her current access, ensuring he/she has access to only what is needed.
Additionally, restricted rights within a user's previous role, may no longer be valid in their new position, causing an Identity risk.
Another reason to certify access by user, may be due to a change in management. If a new department manager wants to ensure their department runs efficiently, conducting a thorough audit is an excellent first step.
One last possibility for a certification, could be due to the occasional extended leave of absence by managers, application owners or even a single user.
For example, during an extended absence, an employer may want to review and limit the user's account access, while not using it until they return.
In the case of a User Access Review, the certifier would obtain a complete list of all resources the user has access to, along with any entitlements or permissions granted to the user, within those applications.
During the certification process, the certifier would review every item, or outsource it to another reviewer or manager.
Security Managers and Application admins may have better knowledge and understanding of the user’s access rights, ensuring the accuracy of access reviews.
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Application Access Review
In addition to conducting reviews for business users, access certification reviews can also be based on the application or resource.
During an application review a specific resource, or a collection of resources, and audit who has access to them, and at what level.
Resources can be applications, entitlements, roles, or any other asset an organization uses.
In many cases, requests to certify an entire user base for a specific application, will be part of required compliance regulations.
Additionally, timely certifications may be an excellent internal business practice for applications, allowing access to highly sensitive information.
Access Certification Campaigns
On many occasions, it can be a much more involved project to try and conduct large scheduled application audits, groups of applications, or multiple users at the same time.
Scheduling and creating periodic and necessary access review campaigns involve using a large dataset to perform multiple certifications simultaneously.
Conducting frequent reviews by security managers with detailed instructions as part of your access control operational standards can help to reduce business risk.
The ability to fine-tune, and granularly drill into specific data sets within your certification campaigns, is a feature of advanced IAM systems, like IDHub, which goes beyond certifying by application or user.
For instance, IDHub's advanced filtering system allows you to choose what to certify, by using attributes, or custom queries.
Custom queries allow administrators to set up specific granularly obtained data sets, used to certify specific users, of particular applications.
Suppose you need to certify the users of a specific application, who have administrator privileges, part of the marketing department, and have been at the company for less than six months.
Custom queries can accomplish complex certification requests, like the example above.
Another advanced feature of custom certifications is automatically triggering certificates, based on certain predetermined events.
One example of an event that would trigger an automatic certification, would be a user who has a role or department change, or a high-risk application, which needs weekly user access auditing.
Another scenario could be the termination of a manager. That type of event could automatically trigger a re-certification of all of the manager's direct subordinates, or every user of an application that the manager was an admin over.
During the initial certification process creation, administrators have the ability to set up custom triggers and workflows, however they deem necessary to maintain their internal security policies.
Like most features of IDHub, access certification workflow you use to certify access privileges, is entirely up to you.
IDHub allows for custom no-code workflows, using all events, triggers, attributes, and processes, as parameters for your certification workflows.
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Access Audit Report Examples
User Access Report Example
Access review and reporting is a continuous process that relies on an easy to use and follow security policies.
All access should be reviewed for unauthorized access, validated as certified or revoked, and an audit trail should be available.
If an application or resource is revoked, the process of access remediation will be automatically started.
Application Certification Report Example
In this report, all users for a specific application or resourced will be validated to ensure that their access, rights, and privileges are correct and appropriate.
Compliance requirements can be stringent, and maintaining the precise schedule for multiple compliance audits can be tricky.
Some security policies will require certifications to be completed on an annual, quarterly, monthly, or even weekly basis.
Multiple audits of access privileges for multiple users can be quite the job for administrators.
Additionally, not meeting requirements could result in a compliance violation which could put or organization at risk for serious consequences.
Compliance tasks must be efficient, easy, and take as little time and resources as possible to complete.
With an access certification tool like IDHub, certifications can be configured to automatically initiate on a predetermined schedule, or on any specific criteria you define.
Companies can significantly reduce their chances of violating compliance regulations, in addition to the time and cost savings gained by using IDHub's automated certification process.
Certification Life Cycle Tools
Below is the summarised view of Certification feature of IDHub
Every administrators are provided with a wizard for defining the content for access certification.
Before a certification definition is run, it goes through an approval process for security purposes.
Once identified that an access is no longer neccessary, revocation process helps in removing access for the user(s)
Certification tasks can be withdrawn by the person who ran the certification job in case of user errors
Certifier Tasks are time based. While creating definition, duration is added based on review priority
Certifiers receive time-based certification tasks that they complete as part of Access Review
Only specific groups (and its members) within IDHub are allowed to perform certification tasks
Certification tasks can be auto-scheduled too. Our scheduler run in real time to create tasks based on definition
Certification definitions can also be triggered based on certain conditions like Role change, Application creation etc.
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